Preface: The Valletta Principles for the Safeguarding and Management of Historic Cities, Towns and Urban Areas (2011) , also known as “The Valletta Principles“, was adopted by the 17th ICOMOS General Assembly, Paris, 28 November, 2011.
ICOMOS, the International Council on Monuments and Sites, held its 17th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium in Paris, at UNESCO headquarters from 28 November to 1 December 2011.
Held under the high patronage of Ms Irina Bokova, Director General of UNESCO, and Mr Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic, this event gathered 1150 participants from 106 countries, and saw 77 ICOMOS National Committees represented. A generous grant from the Getty Foundation and the ICOMOS Victoria Falls Fund supported 63 professionals from 47 countries to attend this General Assembly. This record attendance was noted by all, especially by Mr. Gustavo Araoz, President of ICOMOS, who made particular reference to this in his introductory remarks.
The General Assembly adopted two new doctrinal texts, which complement the existing set of Charters which ICOMOS has been promoting since its first General Assembly in 1965 in order to provide guidance to authorities, institutions, experts and any interested stakeholder in their action for the conservation and enhancement of heritage sites.
These newly adopted texts comprise:
– the joint ICOMOS – TICCIH Principles for the Conservation of Industrial Heritage Sites, Structures, Areas and Landscapes;
– the Valletta Principles for the Safeguarding and Management of Historic Cities, Towns and Urban Areas.
It also adopted the Paris Declaration on Heritage as a Driver of Development resulting from the discussions during the Scientific Symposium, as well as 46 resolutions (The final communiqué of the General Assembly can also be consulted on the ICOMOS website or the Reference section of this post), concerning organisational ICOMOS matters such as the adoption of new Rules of Procedure for the General Assembly, but particularly on newly emerging heritage issues, for example in connection with human rights and peace, and situations affecting specific monuments and sites.
The central theme of the Scientific Symposium was: “Heritage, Driver of Development”. The discussions showed, in the words of Mr. Benjamin Mouton, Chairman of the Scientific Committee, that
“heritage must again be placed at the heart of development concerns; its ownership must be restored to the communities to whom this heritage belongs and to those who come to discover and enjoy it, by rendering it accessible in all its richness.”
Over 150 speakers came to present their papers. Of good scientific merit, these provided fuel for discussions during the various Symposium sessions, and for the first time in workshop-debates, held during the lunch breaks, which allowed a larger number of contributions to be heard.
The prevailing idea was to promote exchanges between students and to integrate them more closely in the conduct of the General Assembly, to consider them as professional partners in their own right and associating them closely in the development of the Scientific Symposium’s conclusions.
Also with the aim of promoting exchanges and better mutual understanding, a Forum of the ICOMOS International Scientific Committees was organized during the General Assembly. The International Scientific Committees were given the opportunity to present their activities, an offer which was met with great success. Several ISCs also held their regular annual meetings during the duration of the General Assembly.
During the 17th General Assembly, the partners who supported its organisation were invited to participate in the sessions and the discussions of the Scientific Symposium. They were furthermore offered the opportunity to present their work in the Exhibitors Forum which gave rise to fruitful exchanges.
28 November -1 December, 2011.
The 17th ICOMOS General Assembly, Paris, 28 November, 2011.
- The Valletta Principles nominate ‘heritage as an essential resource, as part of the urban ecosystem. This concept must be strictly respected in order to ensure harmonious development of historic towns and their settings’.
- The main objective is to propose principles and strategies applicable to every intervention in historic towns and urban areas. These principles and strategies are meant to safeguard the values of historic towns and their settings, as well as their integration into the social, cultural and economic life of our times.
- These interventions must ensure respect for tangible and intangible heritage values, as well as for the quality of life of inhabitants.
- For the safeguarding of historic towns and urban areas and their settings, it discusses: definitions; aspects of change and challenges; intervention criteria; and proposals and strategies.
- The Valletta Principles for the Safeguarding and Management of Historic Cities, Towns and Urban Areas (2011)
- Press Release:
- 2011 ICOMOS General Assembly Resolutions:
- Dubrovnik – Valletta Principles for the ICOMOS National Committees version adopted by the Advisory Committee and recommended for adoption to the Executive Committee, Valletta, Malta, 9 October 2009:
- The version adopted by the CIVVIH, April 10, 2010:
- The joint ICOMOS – TICCIH Principles for the Conservation of Industrial Heritage Sites, Structures, Areas and Landscapes (2011)
- The Paris Declaration On heritage as a driver of development Adopted at Paris, UNESCO headquarters, on Thursday 1st December 2011
- International guidelines for protection, development, management, presentation and interpretation of historic cities/cultural heritage sites (May 10, 2015)
- Declaration on the Conservation of Historic Urban Landscapes (2005)
- Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (2011)
- Regulations on Protection of Famous Historical and Cultural Cities, Towns and Villages (2008)
- Beijing Document on the Conservation and Restoration of Historic Buildings in East Asia (2007)
- Beijing Declaration Concerning Urban Culture (2007)
- The Seoul Declaration on Tourism in Asia’s Historic Towns and Areas (2005)
- The Hoi An Declaration on the Conservation of Historic Districts in Asia (2003)
- Principles for the Preservation of Historic Timber Buildings (1999)
- Suzhou Declaration on International Co-operation for the Safeguarding and Development of Historic Cities (1998)
- Understanding and Improving Walkable Caribbean Urban Heritage: Paramaribo, Bridgetown, St. George’s, and East Port of Spain
- Hutchings RM and Dent J (2017) Archaeology and the Late Modern State: Introduction to the Special Issue. Archaeologies, Springer US 13(1): 1–25.
- Available from: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11759-017-9311-0.
- Shchenkov A (2016) Problems of originality of small historical cities of Russia. Procedia Engineering, Elsevier B.V. 165: 1021–1026.
- Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.814.
- Hosagrahar J, Soule J, Girard LF, et al. (2016) Cultural Heritage, the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and the New Urban Agenda. International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), ICOMOS.
- Plets G (2016) Heritage bureaucracies and the modern nation state. Towards an ethnography of archaeological systems of government. Archaeological Dialogues 23(2): 193–213.
- Available from: http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1380203816000222.
- Lardinois S, Ana Paula Arato Gonçalves LM and Macdonald S (eds) (2015) Contemporary Architecture in the Historic Environment: An Annotated Bibliography. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute.
- Veldpaus L (2015) Historic urban landscapes: framing the integration of urban and heritage planning in multilevel governance. Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.
- Available from: https://pure.tue.nl/ws/files/3914913/798291.pdf
- Musteaţă S (2014) Archaeological Heritage Crimes in Romania and Moldova: A Comparative View. In: Grove L and Thomas S (eds), Heritage Crime:Progress, Prospects and Prevention, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 71–80.
- Veldpaus L and Roders AP (2014) Learning from a Legacy: Venice to Valletta. Change Over Time 4(2): 244–263.
- Grevtsova I (2012) Approach to the general problems of the cultural heritage in urban contexts. Heritage & Museography 4(3): 78–84.
- Demoule J-P (2012) Rescue Archaeology: A European View. Annual Review of Anthropology 41(1): 611–626.
- van den Dries M (2011) The good, the bad and the ugly? Evaluating three models of implementing the Valletta Convention. World Archaeology 43(4): 594–604.
- Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00438243.2011.624790.